Defining Addiction and Its Consequences on The Brain
Addiction can be defined by the inability of a person to abstain from doing something, the impairment in behavioural control, having chronic cravings, gauging major problems as trivial consequences, and damaged interpersonal relationships. Addiction, just like other diseases, includes recurrent cycles of relapse and remission.
An alcoholic is physically and emotionally dependent on alcohol. If you are looking for addiction & mental health services in California, then the best place for you is Pacific Beach Health. They have a holistic approach towards curing their patients. They help individuals find purpose in their life by connecting them to themselves.
With an inspiring atmosphere and encouraging spirituality, they help their clients get peace, balance and a goal of living. They offer a family-like treatment to their patients with a very healing aura. Their clinical team of counsellors works together with the mental health therapists and together resolve the issues of their patients.
Effect of addiction on the brain
Our brain is the centre of communication for our body. It has billions of neurons. They form a network that serves as the path of transmission of a message to and from the different parts of the brain, the spinal cord, and the rest of the body organs. Everything that we feel, think and do has the function of the nerve network in it.
Drugs are chemicals that interfere in the communication network of nerves and neurons. They alter how we see, receive, perceive and process information from the environment. Since the structure of some of the neuron’s mimics that of the neurotransmitters, drugs like marijuana can also affect the neurons.
This similarity evades the receptors and permits the drugs to get attached to the surface of neurons. Once they get attached, they do not activate the neurons in the same manner as the natural neurotransmitters do despite the similarity in their structure. They start to transmit abnormal messages in the neural network.
Some other drugs such as amphetamine are known for their abilities to make the neurons release a substantially high number of natural neurotransmitters or even prevent the neurotransmitter release altogether. This abnormal activity leads to the message being transmitted into an amplified quantum, ultimately destroying the communication channels.
The wiring of our brain is such that we have to repeat some of the life-sustaining activities. These activities are associated with a sense of pleasure. Whenever this sense of pleasure or reward is activated, the brain remembers the activity and makes us perform that activity more often. The abuse of drugs is also associated with this circuit.
This is why the ones who are addicted to drugs are compelled to consume drugs again and again. Some drugs are known to release such a high quantum of dopamine that it can range from anywhere between 2 to 10 times the natural release of dopamine. In some cases, like injecting and smoking, this result is instantaneous.
The consumption of drugs is an extremely bad practice that leads to the demise of many relations. You should get your loved one treated before things get out of hand.